• Engine HP: 538 Max / 490 hp Rated
  • AutoTrac™, StarFire™ receiver, and Gen 4 display integrated
  • e18™ PowerShift Transmission
  • Choice of three different cab and visibility packages
Features
Specifications
Details

Features

  • Transmission: e18™ PowerShift with Efficiency Manager
  • Engine HP: Max: 538 hp (396 kW)
    Rated: 490 hp (360 kW) 
  • Hydraulics: 58 or 115 gpm
    SCV 4-8 factory installed 
  • PTO HP: Rated: 335 hp (249 kW)
  • Track width and Tread Spacing: Tracks: 18 in., 24 in., 30 in., or 36 in.
    Spacing: 80 in., 87 in., 88 in., or 120 in.
  • Ride Comfort: Cab Suspension

Specifications

Capacities

Cooling system

56.5 L
14.9 U.S. gal.
Crankcase oil volume 64 L
16.9 U.S. gal.
Diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) tank 120 L
31.7 U.S. gal.
Fuel tank 1514 L
400 U.S. gal.
Transmission-hydraulic system With 3-point hitch and PTO: 227 L
60 U.S. gal.
Without 3-point hitch and PTO: 220 L
58 U.S. gal.
  • 9 Series Visibility packages let you run with confidence, dawn until dusk
  • John Deere integrated solutions: a world of connected technology, right from the factory
  • Work at your best with 9 Series Comfort and Convenience packages
  • PowerTech™ 13.6L (827-cu in.) engine: real world usability, not just power on paper
  • A range of hydraulic options give you the power and flexibility to take on your toughest applications
  • The new 9 Series: Easy to run, easy to maintain
  • Tackle any terrain with a variety of undercarriage configurations
  • In the field or on the road: adjust steering ratio on-the-go with ActiveCommand Steering (ACS™)
Features

Features

  • Transmission: e18™ PowerShift with Efficiency Manager
  • Engine HP: Max: 538 hp (396 kW)
    Rated: 490 hp (360 kW) 
  • Hydraulics: 58 or 115 gpm
    SCV 4-8 factory installed 
  • PTO HP: Rated: 335 hp (249 kW)
  • Track width and Tread Spacing: Tracks: 18 in., 24 in., 30 in., or 36 in.
    Spacing: 80 in., 87 in., 88 in., or 120 in.
  • Ride Comfort: Cab Suspension
Specifications

Specifications

Additional information - Date collected:
1 March 2021
Capacities - Cooling system:
<br/><br/>56.5 L<br/>14.9 U.S. gal.
Capacities - Crankcase oil volume:
64 L<br/>16.9 U.S. gal.
Capacities - Diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) tank:
120 L<br/>31.7 U.S. gal.
Capacities - Fuel tank:
1514 L<br/>400 U.S. gal.
Capacities - Transmission-hydraulic system:
With 3-point hitch and PTO: 227 L<br/>60 U.S. gal.<br/>Without 3-point hitch and PTO: 220 L<br/>58 U.S. gal.
Dimensions - Approximate shipping weight, Open;Cab:
Narrow undercarriage: 24,639 kg<br/>54,320 lb<br/>Wide undercarriage: 25,546 kg<br/>56,320 lb
Dimensions - Drawbar clearance:
311 mm<br/>12.2 in.
Dimensions - Overall length:
Excluding hitch: 8309 mm<br/>327.1 in.<br/>Including hitch and coupler: 8545 mm<br/>336.4 in.
Dimensions - Wheelbase:
4125 mm<br/>162.4 in.
Drawbar - Drawbar category:
Category 5
Drawbar - Maximum vertical load:
5440 kg<br/>12,000 lb
Electrical system - Alternator size:
Standard: 250 amp<br/>Optional: 330 amp
Electrical system - Battery options:
12 V
Electrical system - Total cold cranking amps:
3 x 925 CCA<br/>Total: 2775 CCA
Electrical system - Type of bulb in beacon (Halogen, Zenon, LED):
<br/>
Electrical system - Type of bulb in headlight (Halogen, Zenon, LED):
<br/>Standard: halogen, 65 W<br/>Optional: LED
Electrical system - Working lights:
Standard: 18 halogen<br/>Optional: 18 or 24 LED plus 8 LED conveninence lights
Engine performance - Engine peak torque:
At 1600 rpm: 2262 Nm 1668 lb-ft
Engine performance - Intelligent Power Management (IPM):
<br/>
Engine performance - Maximum engine power:
396 kW<br/>539 hp
Engine performance - Power boost:
10 percent
Engine performance - PTO torque rise:
38 percent
Engine performance - Rated power:
360 kW<br/>490 hp
Engine performance - Rated PTO power (hp SAE):
249 kW<br/>335 hp
Engine specifications - After treatment type:
Diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC)/diesel particulate filter (DPF)/selective catalytic reduction (SCR)
Engine specifications - Aspiration:
Single variable geometry turbocharger with air-to-air aftercooling and cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR)
Engine specifications - Description:
John Deere PowerTech PVS 13.6L (B20 diesel compatible)
Engine specifications - Displacement:
13.6 L<br/>827 cu in.
Engine specifications - Emission level:
Final Tier 4 (FT4)
Engine specifications - Engine type:
Diesel, inline, 6-cylinder, wet-sleeve cylinder liners with four valves in-head
Engine specifications - Rated speed:
2100 rpm
Front axle - Front axle differential lock:
Full-locking electrohydraulic
Hydraulic system - Auxiliary hydraulic features:
<br/>
Hydraulic system - Available flow at a single rear SCV:
1.3-cm (1/2-in.) couplers: 132 L/min<br/>35 gpm<br/>1.9-cm (3/4-in.) couplers: 159 L/min<br/>42 gpm
Hydraulic system - Number of rear selective control valves (SCVs):
Four to eight factory or field installed<br/>Base: four 1.3-cm (1/2-in.) couplers<br/>Optional: five to six 1.3-cm (1/2-in.) couplers factory installed<br/>Optional: three 1.9-cm (3/4-in.) couplers plus five 1.3-cm (1/2-in.) couplers factory installed
Hydraulic system - Pump rated output:
Standard: 220 L/min<br/>58 gpm<br/>Optional: 435 L/min<br/>115
Hydraulic system - SCV control:
Electronic
Hydraulic system - Type:
Closed-center, pressure-and-flow compensated
Key Specs - Base machine weight:
Narrow undercarriage: 24,639 kg<br/>54,320 lb<br/>Wide undercarriage: 25,546 kg<br/>56,320 lb
Key Specs - Engine description:
John Deere PowerTech&trade; PVS 13.6L (B20 diesel compatible)
Key Specs - Engine displacement:
13.6 L<br/>827 cu in.
Key Specs - Hydraulic pump rated output:
Standard: 220 L/min<br/>58 gpm<br/>Optional: 435 L/min<br/>115 gpm
Key Specs - Maximum engine power:
396 kW<br/>539 hp
Key Specs - Rated engine power:
360 kW<br/>490 hp
Key Specs - Rated PTO power (hp SAE):
249 kW<br/>335 hp
Key Specs - Rear hitch category (SAE designation):
Category 4N: 6804 kg<br/>15,000 lb<br/>Category 4N: 9072 kg<br/>20,000 lb<br/>Category 4N/N: 6804 kg<br/>Category 4N/N: 9072 kg
Key Specs - Transmission type:
John Deere e18&trade; 18-speed PowerShift&trade; with Efficiency Manager&trade;: 40 km/h<br/>25 mph
Miscellaneous - Country of manufacture:
USA
Operator station - Cab glass area:
6.64 m<sup>2</sup><br/>71.47 sq ft
Operator station - Cab suspension:
Standard
Operator station - Display:
Standard: Generation 4 4600 CommandCenter&trade;: 25.4 cm<br/>10 in.<br/>Optional: Extended monitor
Operator station - Inner cab volume:
3.27 m<sup>3</sup><br/>115 cu ft
Operator station - Instructional seat:
Standard
Operator station - Radio:
Standard: AM/FM stereo with weatherband, remote controls, auxiliary input jack, four speakers and external antenna<br/>Optional: Touchscreen radio
Operator station - Rollover protective structure, OOS:
<br/><br/>
Operator station - Seat:
Degree of seat swivel, left hand<br/>25 degree (angle)<br/>Degree of seat swivel, right hand<br/>40 degree (angle)<br/>Air suspension
Precision AG - Guidance:
Integrated AutoTrac&trade;
Precision AG - Remote diagnostics:
Available with activated JDLink hardware and activations
Precision AG - Telematic:
Available with JDLink&trade; hardware, activations, and Ethernet harnesses (availability dependent upon destination)
Rear axle - Final drive type:
Bull gear and double idler with floating pinion
Rear axle - Rear differential lock:
Full-locking electrohydraulic
Rear hitch - Hitch category (SAE designation):
Category 4N: 6804 kg<br/>15,000 lb<br/>Category 4N: 9072 kg<br/>20,000 lb<br/>Category 4N/4: 6804 kg<br/>Category 4N/4: 9072 kg
Rear hitch - Maximum lift capacity behind lift points:
Category 4N/4: 9072 kg<br/>20,000 lb
Rear hitch - Sensing type:
Electrohydraulic with draft sensing
Rear power take-off (PTO) - PTO actuation:
Electrohydraulic
Rear power take-off (PTO) - Type:
Independent<br/>44 mm (1.75 in.) 20-spline, 1000 rpm
Serviceability - Interval for engine coolant change:
6000 hours
Serviceability - Interval for engine oil change:
500 hours
Serviceability - Interval for hydraulic/transmission oil change:
1500 hours
Steering - Type:
Standard: Hydraulic power steering<br/>Optional: ActiveCommand Steering (ACS&reg;)
Tires - Central Tire Inflation System (CTIS):
<br/><br/>
Tracks - Drive type:
Camso&reg; 3500 and 6500 Ag Series - reinforced drive lug technology
Tracks - Midrollers:
Narrow undercarriage: Three<br/>Wide undercarriage: Two
Tracks - Track width:
Standard: 762 mm<br/>30 in.<br/>Optional: 457.2, 610, or 914 mm<br/>18, 24, or 36 in.
Tracks - Tread spacing:
Narrow undercarriage: 2032, 2235, or 3048 mm<br/>80, 88, or 120 in.<br/>Wide undercarriage: 2218 or 3048 mm<br/>87 or 120 in.
Transmission - Type:
John Deere e18 18-speed PowerShift with Efficiency Manager: 40 km/h<br/>25 mph
Weight - Base machine weight:
<br/><br/>Narrow undercarriage: 24,639 kg<br/>54,320 lb<br/>Wide undercarriage: 25,546 kg<br/>56,320 lb
Weight - Maximum ballast level:
28,576 kg<br/>63,000 lb

Capacities

Cooling system

56.5 L
14.9 U.S. gal.
Crankcase oil volume 64 L
16.9 U.S. gal.
Diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) tank 120 L
31.7 U.S. gal.
Fuel tank 1514 L
400 U.S. gal.
Transmission-hydraulic system With 3-point hitch and PTO: 227 L
60 U.S. gal.
Without 3-point hitch and PTO: 220 L
58 U.S. gal.
Details

9 Series Visibility packages let you run with confidence, dawn until dusk

Ultimate Visibility package at night
Ultimate Visibility package at night

Visibility is more than just lighting. It’s mirrors where you need them, shades for the blinding late-fall and early-spring sun, wipers to help keep all the glass clear, and integrated camera capability right from the factory. The new 9 Series Tractors let you choose the visibility package that best suits your needs Select, Premium, or Ultimate with 360-degree light-emitting diode (LED) lighting so you and your operators can run with all-conditions confidence.

 

  Select Premium Ultimate
Lighting 18 halogen worklights 18 LED worklights 24 LED worklights and eight LED convenience lights*
Mirrors Mechanical Electric and heated Electric, heated, and telescoping
Sunshades Front Front, right-hand side, and rear Front, right-hand side, and rear
Wipers Front and rear Front, right-hand side, and rear Front, right-hand side, and rear
Cameras Camera ready Camera ready Front and rear integrated cameras


*Convenience lights illuminate the corners of the cab for easier entry and exit.

John Deere integrated solutions: a world of connected technology, right from the factory

Maximizing uptime using connectivity and technology
Maximizing uptime using connectivity and technology

John Deere makes it easy for you to access an entire suite of connected applications, all designed to help you make the most of every seed, every hour, every gallon, and every bit of machine-related information.

Each 9 Series Tractor comes standard with the John Deere StarFire™ 6000 Integrated Receiver and Generation 4 CommandCenter™ display; there’s no need for setup, installation, or initial global positioning system (GPS) calibration. Integrated AutoTrac™ assisted steering gives you accurate, scalable guidance for low-stress operation in nearly any conditions and can improve field efficiency by 10 percent or more. The 9 Series Tractors also feature standard JDLink™ telematics and five years of connected service for anytime, anywhere access to critical machine and field information. And every tractor comes from the factory with John Deere Connected Support™, so you and your dealer can anticipate and address critical system needs.

From here? The sky’s the limit. Choose any of our operation-specific applications to help maximize efficiency and productivity during planting, tillage, or other field activities.

     
StarFire 6000 Integrated Receiver AutoTrac JDLink

Base equipment:

  • Generation 4 CommandCenter display
  • StarFire 6000 Integrated Receiver

Optional equipment:

  • Generation 4 CommandCenter display plus extended monitor

Base equipment:

  • AutoTrac activation
  • SF3 accuracy (+/- 3 cm [1.2 in.])
  • Data Sync

Optional equipment:

  • AutoTrac RowSense™ system*
  • AutoTrac Turn Automation**
  • AutoPath™ system**
  • AutoTrac Implement Guidance*
  • Gen 4 Machine Sync

Base equipment:

  • JDLink system with 5 years of service
  • Wireless Data Transfer
  • John Deere Connected Support service
  • Expert Alerts
  • Remote Display Access
  • Service ADVISOR™ Remote service tool

*Available with Premium Activation 3.0
**Available with Automation Activation 4.0

Work at your best with 9 Series Comfort and Convenience packages

Ultimate Comfort and Convenience package (shown on 8R Tractor)
Ultimate Comfort and Convenience package (shown on 8R Tractor)

When you’re spending dozens of hours per week in the cab, a comfortable operating environment isn’t just an option the right features, in the right places, let you and your operators work at your best, dawn to dusk and beyond.

The 7, 8, and 9 Series Tractors offer three Comfort and Convenience packages to fit your needs: Select, Premium, and Ultimate. But regardless of which package you choose, you’ll still get the John Deere CommandARM console that puts critical controls within easy reach. You’ll get all the storage space you need for drinks, meals, and other stowable items. And you’ll have plenty of outlets to keep your electronics powered.

 

Comfort and Convenience packages Select Premium Ultimate
Seat
  • Cloth
  • Mechanical controls
  • Mechanical lumbar
  • 8-degree left-hand and 40-degree right-hand swivel
  • Cloth
  • Electronic controls
  • Pneumatic lumbar
  • 25-degrees left-hand and 40-degree right-hand swivel
  • Leather
  • Electronic controls
  • Pneumatic lumbar
  • 25-degree left-hand and 40-degree right-hand swivel
  • Heated/ventilated
  • Massage
  • Adjustable bolsters
Infotainment
  • AM/FM
  • Auxiliary and Bluetooth® wireless inputs
  • Four speakers
  • 16.5-cm (6.5-in.) touchscreen radio, XM® ready
  • Six speakers with subwoofer
  • 16.5-cm (6.5-in.) touchscreen radio, XM ready
  • Six speakers with subwoofer
Business band ready X X X
Four USB and one 12-V outlet X X X
Dual tilt column X X X
Footrests --- X X
Refrigerator --- X X
120-V/300-W three-prong outlet --- X X
Carpeted floor mat --- --- X
Leather-wrapped steering wheel --- --- X

 

Bluetooth is a trademark of Bluetooth SIG, Inc. XM is a trademark of Sirius XM Radio Inc.

PowerTech™ 13.6L (827-cu in.) engine: real world usability, not just power on paper

13.6L (827-cu in.) engine
13.6L (827-cu in.) engine

The muscle to handle heavy draft disks and rippers, power-hungry air seeders and planters, and large transport loads like grain carts and slurry wagons. The durable design and heavy-duty components you can depend on when you need to get in and get out. All in a Final Tier 4 (FT4) and Stage V compliant package. You get real-world power with the purpose-built 13.6L (827-cu in.) engines from John Deere Power Systems, standard in the 291 to 440 engine kW (390 to 590 engine hp) 9 Series Tractors.


We developed our newest power plant from a clean sheet of paper, starting with stronger castings, beefier bearings, and more robust internal components, all designed to meet the high demands of field operations. We replaced the fuel injectors with a high-pressure common rail (HPCR) fuel system and eliminated the diesel particulate filter (DPF) to boost to fuel efficiency and lower operation and maintenance costs. Integrated coolant and oil passages, along with a new belt-driven water pump, eliminate potential leak points and allow for a less-crowded engine compartment, improving serviceability and reducing debris accumulation.


In redesigning the engine, we also gave it:

  • Hydraulic valve lash adjusters to maintain valve-lash settings during engine operation, reduce valve train noise and wear, and allow for greater fuel efficiency.
  • A hydraulic fan drive for improved cooling capacity with no required maintenance.
  • A new integrated wiring harness design featuring a modular layout for reduced vibration, greater reliability, and easier service and diagnostics.
  • A rear gear train that integrates fully into the cast-iron block, reducing tiresome engine noise and improving the durability of the crankshaft damper.
  • Combination sensors where possible, meaning fewer sensors, connectors, and wires.
  • A powerful engine brake that allows operators to use the engine to control tractor and implement speeds while transporting or traveling downhill, reducing wear on the drivetrain brake components.

It all adds up to:

  • 14 percent more power and 11 percent more torque
  • 3 percent lower fuel consumption
  • 10 percent lighter
  • 27 percent reduction in mean repair time and an estimated $8,308 savings in service costs over the life of the engine
13.5L (824-cu in.) engine compared to 13.6L (827-cu in.) engine
Feature 13.5L (824-cu in.) engine 13.6L (827-cu in.) engine
Fuel delivery Electronic unit injectors (EUI) HPCR
Aftertreatment Two canisters One canister
Valve lash adjustment Manual Automatic
Engine brake Not available Available above 402.7 kW (540 hp)
Wire harness Single harness Three short harnesses
Water pump Gear driven Belt driven
Gear train Front mounted Rear mounted
Fan drive Vari-Cool™ system Hydraulically driven

A range of hydraulic options give you the power and flexibility to take on your toughest applications

Selective control valves (SCVs) on a 9R Tractor
Selective control valves (SCVs) on a 9R Tractor

Of course, the 9 Series has the hydraulic muscle you need to push, pull, lift, and power your most demanding implements. But thanks to a range of enhancements to the hydraulic system, these tractors can provide that power at lower engine speeds, saving you fuel while still giving your implements the capacity they need. Regardless of model or configuration, the new 9 Series hydraulic system gives you:

  • An increase of almost 40 percent in charge pump capacity, from 54-cc to 75-cc, to help maintain a higher flow at lower engine speeds
  • A new swash plate angle sensor to monitor hydraulic flow and pressure and adjust engine speed to meet demand
  • An integrated hydraulic pump, filter, and priority valve for fewer and shorter lines, reduced pressure loss, fewer flow restrictions, and an extra level of reliability

And if you depend on implements that need continuous hydraulic power, the 9 Series Tractors are available with Intelligent Power Management (IPM). Using dual pumps and advanced sensor and control technology, IPM provides additional engine and hydraulic power for high-demand applications like air seeding up and over hills or through thick, tough soil.

Add in single and dual pump options and a flexible number rear SCVs, and you can configure a powerful, fuel-efficient hydraulic system to meet the demands of your specific operation without paying for capacity you don’t need.

The new 9 Series: Easy to run, easy to maintain

9RX Tractor
9RX Tractor

When you’re trying to get a field planted before weather moves in, there’s no time to hit a scheduled maintenance interval or get smacked with an unexpected repair. That’s why we designed the 9 Series for maximum reliability and less in-season maintenance.

To start, we simplified as many systems as possible, using components common to other tractor lines and minimizing potential downtime due to parts availability. Then we eliminated as many potential pain points as possible through changes in the cooling, aftertreatment, and diagnostic systems, including:

  • Replacing the fan drive system with a maintenance-free hydraulic fan drive
  • Streamlining aftertreatment with a single-canister inline system that’s simpler and features fewer parts
  • Improving uptime by adding better descriptions to diagnostic codes and offering predictive diagnostics through John Deere Expert Alerts
  • A front-left service panel for easier access to engine oil check and fill points;
  • Offering a 500-hour oil change interval on the John Deere Power Systems 13.6L (827-cu in.) Final Tier 4 (FT4) engine when using approved John Deere oil and filter (the Cummins® QSX 15-L [915-cu in.] engine has a 400-hour engine oil and filter change interval).

Cummins is a trademark of Cummins, Inc.

Tackle any terrain with a variety of undercarriage configurations

9RX Tractor undercarriage configurations
 
Model Narrow undercarriage Wide undercarriage
  Track spacing:
203.2 cm (80 in.), 223.5 cm (88 in.), or 304.8 cm (120 in.)
Track spacing:
223.5 cm (88 in.) or 304.8 cm (120 in.)
  45.7-cm (18-in.) tracks 61-cm (24-in.) tracks 76.2-cm (30-in.) tracks 91.4-cm (36-in.) tracks
9RX 490
9RX 540
9RX 590 --- ---
9RX 640 --- ---

• Available
--- Not available

 

John Deere offers a variety of track widths and track spacings to fit the needs of your operation. The narrow undercarriage is great for row crop applications and can be ordered with track spacings of 203.2 cm (80 in.), 223.5 cm (88 in.), or 304.8 cm (120 in.). The wide undercarriage is ideal for tillage and seeding applications and is available with 223.5-cm (88-in.) or 304.8-cm (120-in.) track spacing.

 

Application Narrow undercarriage Wide undercarriage
Primary tillage Good Best
Secondary tillage Better Best
Transport Good Better
Grain cart Best Best
Nutrient application Best Good
Row-crop planting Best Better
Specialty crops in bedded rows Best Good
Air seeding Better Best

9RX Tractors equipped with 76.2-cm (30-in.) and 91.4-cm (36-in.) tracks can be equipped with industry-exclusive, factory-installed track spacing set at 304.8-cm (120-in).

 

9RX Tractors equipped with 304.8-cm (120-in.) track spacing provide increased stability, allow producers to operate on 304.8-cm (120-in.) centers for controlled traffic farming, and provide improved track-to-frame clearance for better access to the undercarriage for serviceability and material cleanout. John Deere is the first and only tractor manufacturer to offer a 304.8-cm (120-in.) track spacing option on four-track tractors with 76.2-cm (30-in.) and 91.4-cm (36-in.) tracks up to 462.3 kW (620 hp).

9RX with 91.4 cm (18 in.) tracks and 304.8-cm (120-in.) track spacing
9RX with 91.4 cm (18 in.) tracks and 304.8-cm (120-in.) track spacing

9RX Tractors with 304.8-cm (120-in.) track spacing increase space between the undercarriage and chassis to provide more space for performing daily and routine maintenance tasks.

Performing daily maintenance tasks
Performing daily maintenance tasks

In the field or on the road: adjust steering ratio on-the-go with ActiveCommand Steering (ACS™)

9RX in transport
9RX in transport

You don’t have to compromise between pinpoint turns in the field and smooth, easy steering during transport – you can have it all with ActiveCommand Steering (ACS), available on all 9R and 9RX Tractors.

ACS lets you choose your steering ratio based on the task at hand. For precise headland maneuvers in the field, choose a tight 3.5 turns lock-to-lock. When you’re done in the field, ACS gives you a full five turns for smoother line-holding during road transport. Variable-effort resistance automatically changes with ground speed; you’ll notice a lighter touch during low-speed, in-field turns, and increased feedback at transport speeds for more comfortable, confident steering over the road. Plus, ACS works seamlessly with AutoTrac™ guidance systems and is compatible with wide and narrow section width tires as well as wide and narrow belts on 9RX models.

The end result? Reduced overall steering effort and fatigue, no drift and no backlash through the hand-wheel, all with the “connected” feel of a traditional steering column system

  • 9 Series Visibility packages let you run with confidence, dawn until dusk
  • John Deere integrated solutions: a world of connected technology, right from the factory
  • Work at your best with 9 Series Comfort and Convenience packages
  • PowerTech™ 13.6L (827-cu in.) engine: real world usability, not just power on paper
  • A range of hydraulic options give you the power and flexibility to take on your toughest applications
  • The new 9 Series: Easy to run, easy to maintain
  • Tackle any terrain with a variety of undercarriage configurations
  • In the field or on the road: adjust steering ratio on-the-go with ActiveCommand Steering (ACS™)
×